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History Of Dwarka

Dwarka is one of the religious places in Gujarat. This was the first capital of Gujarat - "ANCIENT (ANART) LATER KNOWN AS KUSHASTHALI." Dwaraka is a city and a municipality of Jamnagar district in the Gujarat state of India. Dwarka also known as Dwarawati in Sanskrit literature is rated as one of the seven most ancient cities in the country. The legendary city of Dwaraka was the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. It is believed that due to the damage and destruction by the sea, Dwarka has submerged six times and modern day Dwarka is therefore the seventh such city to be built in the area. Krishna renounced war in Mathura for the greater good of the people living in the region (and was hence known by the name Ranchodrai') and founded the city of Dwarka. Sri Krishna had previously killed Kansa (an oppressive king who ruled the city, and his maternal uncle) and made Ugrasen (Kansa's father and his maternal grandfather) the king of Mathura. Enraged, the father-in-law of Kansa, Jarasandha (king of Magadha) with his friend Kalayavan attacked Mathura 17 times. For the safety of the people, Krishna and the Yadavas decided to move the capital from Mathura to Dwarka.

The city was built by Vishwakarma on the order of Lord Krishna. Land was reclaimed from the sea near the western shores of Saurashtra. A city was planned and built here. Dwarka was a planned city, on the banks of Gomati river. This city was also known as Dvaramati, Dvaravati and Kushsthali. It had six well-organized sectors, residential and commercial zones, wide roads, plazas, palaces and many public utilities. A hall called "Sudharma Sabha" was built to hold public meetings. The city also boasted having the possession of a good sea harbour. The city had 700,000 palaces made of gold, silver and other precious stones. Each one of Lord Krishna's 16108 wives had her own palace. Besides this, the city had beautiful gardens filled with flowers of all seasons and beautiful lakes.

The history of Dwarka is very long many historians have given various information regarding the history of Dwarka. The study of Dwarka cannot get over; the more you go deep into it the more you find newer things about it. Late Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi after regaining power visited Dwarka by helicopter and saw some remarks in the Arabian Sea although they were off jagatpoint cape, a big light house on western coast at Dwarka, which she considered a part of sunken ancient Dwarka and sanctioned adhoc budget to explore under the sea bed at Dwarka & Bet Dwarka up to Prabhas (Somnath). Thus Dwarka is not only a tourist place but one of the greatest historical sites which are always remembered when talked about Indian history.